The setting of One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest takes place in a mid 1900s mental institution. While we receive vivid descriptions on the patients and the treatments administered on them, the book gives little information about the appearance of the hospital’s actual building. The following old institutions have built up famed reputations through their use of treatments, locations and stories.
Located in Wales, the Denbigh Asylum was the first psychiatric institution built in the country and remained open from 1848 to 1995. In the 1930s, treatments such as insulin shock treatment and sulfur based drugs were used. The hospital was closed when the Hospital Plan began closing down asylums and moving patients to regular hospitals for them to become less isolated from society.
High Royds Asylum
Opened in 1888 as the West Riding Pauper Lunatic Asylum, the name changed to High Royds in 1963. As one of the last remaining asylums in England, High Royds continued to exist until 2003. The hospital was the setting for the movie Asylum, and TV series, “Bodies and No Angels”.